Taking a home office deduction on your taxes may be one of many perks of working from home. But that doesn't mean it's easy. If fact, rarely is anything simple when it comes to income taxes, especially if you take the home office deduction. So if you have questions about taking a home office deduction, look here for some answers.
According to IRS rules, home office expenses can only be deducted when a "specific area of your home" is used "regularly and exclusively as your principal place of business." However, if you use the home office space as a "place to meet or deal with patients, clients, or customers," even if it is not your principal place of business, you may still qualify to take a home office deduction.
That clears it all up, right?
If not, read on for more information on how each of those terms about taking a home office deduction applies in the real world.
When you look at your home office you may see a whole room filled with equipment, furniture and shelving, that all cost you a pretty penny. And so if you qualify for a home office deduction, you are eager to deduct it all.
But when figuring a home office deduction for independent contractors, the IRS separates out those less permanent features from the space itself, though many are still deductible elsewhere. Also home office expenses are categorized as either direct or indirect, and only direct expenses are fully deductible. (see examples of direct and indirect home office expenses.)
Read on to find out more about what is deductible and what is not.
As with anything else, taking a home office deduction has its pros and cons. Most who qualify for a home office deductions will want to take it, but you always want to be aware of the potential pitfalls such as an increased likelihood of an audit and a possible increase in your capital gains tax when you sell your home.
Read on for more information to help with this decision.
If you telecommute and are an employee, the IRS has additional rules for your home office deduction. The key distinction is that telecommuting employees must be working at home for the convenience of their employers, while an independent contractor with a home office has no such requirement.
Read on for more information on this caveat as well as filing requirements for employees.
Save documentation relating to direct expenses for for your home office and indirect expenses for your entire home. This includes mortgage statements, rent receipts, utility bills, taxes statements and more.
Read on for more information.
If you are an independent contractor filing a Schedule C, use IRS Form 8829 Expenses for Business Use of Your Home to calculate expenses for business use of your home. This form is not used to deduct office equipment or furniture, which are deducted on Schedule C, but only to calculate the deduction for use of your home.
If you are a telecommuting employee use Form 2106 Employee Business Expenses to calculate the deductible expenses, then enter the amount on Schedule A. (You must itemize in order to claim this deduction).
I am not a tax attorney, CPA or tax preparation specialist. The information here is meant as a general guide. For specific questions about your own taxes, please refer to IRS publications or consult a tax specialist.